Exxene siloxane coatings are thermal-cure materials that produce a hard, rigid surface with a glassy appearance. The polymeric content consists of modified, polysilsesquioxanes sol gel in an alcohol or glycol ether solution. Solutions are low viscosity, fast drying liquids supplied at 15 - 30% solids and do not require refrigerated storage. Coatings adhere to a variety of substrates including polycarbonate sheet.
Silicone (polysiloxane) hard coatings provide superior abrasion resistance and inertness to hostile chemical and environmental conditions. These coatings are applicable to many substrates, but the majority of applications are on nonmetallic surfaces, especially plastics. The fully cured organometallic polymer provides a semi-crystalline barrier that is several microns in thickness and eliminates scratching and abrasion normally encountered with uncoated plastics. They exhibit excellent light transmission and actually improve the optical properties of most substrate material by eliminating substrate surface roughness which contributes to reduced clarity in the uncoated state. Chemical resistance is dramatically enhanced through encapsulation of the substrate surface with the crosslinked siloxane matrix.
Silicone hardcoats are routinely used on cast or extruded plastics sheets and injection-molded or cast lenses, windows, and structural housings. These coatings are especially suited for application upon extruded polycarbonate sheet.
Most applications benefit from the minimum film thickness required to obtain the desired abrasion resistance, with an average of three to six microns. Rigid polysiloxane layers are prone to crack or craze and may delaminate if applied in excessively thick layers on thin polycarbonate sheet.
All siloxane hardcoats can be applied by dip, flow, spin, and spray methods. Flow coating of large surface areas often requires dilution and large flow volume to limit the coating thickness and prevent cracks which originate from the areas of thicker coating.
The plastics that are most commonly coated with polysiloxanes are polycarbonates, acrylics, polyarylates, polysulfones, and polyamides/nylons. Coupling agent or primer treatments facilitate use on more challenging polymeric substrates such as vinyl, urethane, polyester, cellulosic, and polyolefin.
Siloxanes can be cured at temperatures as low as 50 degrees Celsius however require several hours at such low temperatures. Higher temperatures, appropriate to the substrate, will accelerate the rate of cure to one hour or less. Exxene hardcoats are most often cured at 82 to 130 degrees Celsius for 20 to 45 minutes.
A primerless hardcoat especially developed to meet the abrasion and flame exposure requirements of the National Fire Protection Association on polycarbonate and polycarbonate copolymers including PC-TMC. It can be supplied with 20% or 25% solids in isobutanol, and is primer compatible on substrates not requiring NFPA certification.
S-25 Hardcoat formulated to adhere to a variety of rigid and semi-rigid substrates without the use of a primer. The S-25 provides improved adhesion and resistance to crazing on thinner, more flexible substrates. It is suggested for use on polycarbonate, polyarylate, polysulfone, ABS, ADC resin, and polyamide/nylon. It is supplied at 25% solids in isobutanol.
S-28-1 is a general purpose hardcoat for rigid and semi-rigid polycarbonate. A primer is suggested for maximum chemical and weathering resistance. It is supplied at 25% solids in isobutanol.
The S-28-46 hardcoat is a highly rigid, glass-like coating for rigid cast or extruded substrates including polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) and acrylic copolymers, as well as ADC resin. It is supplied at 19% solids in methoxypropanol.
S-30AP is a siloxane-modified nanoparticle sol designed to provide maximum chemical resistance against chemical warfare compounds and other corrosive agents. It is supplied at 25% solids in isobutanol and provides a highly chemical resistant surface on rigid polycarbonate; it requires Exxene SP-1 Primer.
The S-500 siloxane hardcoat is a weatherable and UV-absorbing coating specialized for use on polycarbonate components in exterior architectural, aerospace, and automotive applications. It is supplied at 25% solids in isobutanol and produces a semi-rigid coating; it requires Exxene SP-1 Primer.